Thursday January 20, 2022
For National Pony Club updates and information please go to pcuk.org
AH Training online

After a vey successful winter training series via zoom we are going to repeat the series again.

Carole Broad FBHS will be the tutor. The week before the first session potential candidates will be sent some sample questions. During the week they will be asked to do some individual work on looking up and thinking about the answers. The small group of 6 will join a tutorial with Carole to discuss the questions and potential answers.

The sessions will take place fortnightly, starting with the first one on Wednesday 24th Nov at 6.30pm, lasting one and a half hours.

The cost of each session is £12, or 8 sessions for £90. 

For any more information please contact Eileen  flyingpitpony@hotmail.com / 07411318814

A Care Sessions

SECTION A24th Nov 2021              Ride and Lead, Handling, Employment

A1. Discuss the best practise when riding and leading.

A2. Take two horses out of the stables; mount, ride and lead unaided using snaffle bridles.  Lead horse may be tied up outside.

A3. ‘Put up’ a person on a horse by giving a leg up.

A4. Explain stereotypical behaviours and how to minimise them.

A5. Describe steps that might be taken handling fit and challenging horses, both in and out of the stable.

A6. Discuss best practise when managing in horses on long-term box rest.

A7. Outline some modern methods of rehabilitation following a period of box rest.

A8. Discuss clipping a nervous or difficult horse, considering the safety of the person clipping, the preparation of the horse, the environment and the care of the clippers. Outline possible means of restraint and sedation.

A9. Appreciate the need for a contract when employed and know about the Lone Worker Policy.

A10. Discuss the legal requirements for self-employment.

SECTION B – Dec 8th 2021          Lungeing, Insurance, Contracts and The Older Horse

Lungeing

B1. Check the horse’s equipment, adjust if necessary, put on and fit side reins
B2. Work the fit/fresh horse for exercise on the lunge in a safe, efficient, effective and practical way, using all three gaits if appropriate.

B3. Demonstrate care to maintain the safety and welfare of the horse and handler.

B4. Lunge off the bit if more control is required, demonstrating suitable methods.
B5. Recognise the quality of work shown.

B6. Discuss what forms of insurance may be advisable when keeping horses at home or in a commercial yard.

B7. Know what should be contained in a livery contract and understand the advantages of possessing one.

    Managing the Older Horse

B8. Outline some of the physical changes seen in the older horse.

B9. What may indicate that a horse is no longer capable to work.

B10. Describe some of the advantages and disadvantages of retiring horses.

B11. Explain some of the signs that indicate a need for euthanasia.

B12. Consider the different options of euthanasia, and body disposal.

SECTION C – Jan 12th 2022     Conformation Foot, Shoeing and Lameness, Vetting

C1. Consider the conformation of the horse shown, how it relates to its breeding/type and the effect that it might have on its way of going and the type of work it may be suited to. 

C2. Explain the value of trotting up a horse and make an evaluation of its action.

C3. Discuss the balance of the foot, relating it to the type or breed of horse

 C4. Notice and discuss current remedial or corrective shoeing, pads, wear of shoes and relate this to movement

C5. Outline methods used to discover the source of possible lameness.

C6. Evaluate the prognosis for diseases and ailments related to the foot.

C7. Discuss importance and locations of common ailments and injuries and outline how these may affect the horse.

C8. Know what is included in a 2 and 5 stage pre-purchase examination. Explain why you might request blood tests, x-rays and scoping during a vetting.

Section D – Jan 26th 2022 Tacking Up for Dressage and Healthcare

D1. Understand how to tack up a horse to ensure comfort, taking into consideration the structure of the mouth and head.

D2. Select and fit a suitable a double bridle. Explain the action of the double bridle.

D3. Select and fit a suitable dressage saddle and girth.

D4. Put on current, suitable, leg protection for dressage and training.

D5. Discuss bio security. Summarise precautions that can be taken against contagion and infection.

D6. Have a practical current understanding of influenza and tetanus inoculations and be able to evaluate the records in a passport.

D7. Explain how to evaluate the symptoms shown by the upper respiratory tract.

D8. Explain how to deal with severe bleeding.

D9. Discuss soft tissue treatments.

D10. Demonstrate applying knee and hock bandages, or other current veterinary bandages suitable for overnight application.

D11. Explain the care of horses’ teeth and discuss how to examine for sharp or wolf teeth. Know how to recognise discomfort in the mouth.

D12. What are the symptoms and possible treatments of a variety of skin conditions?

D13. Explain safe practise for treating equine eye problems to prevent deteriation and promote recovery.

D14. Show an understanding of the principles of controlling worm infestation. Discuss the advantages of Faecal Egg Counts and how to avoid resistance to wormers. Show an awareness of health and safety implications when worming, explain the disposal of worming syringes.

Section E – Feb 9th 2022   Tacking Up for Cross Country and Paddock Management

E1. Select and put on suitable equipment to ride this horse around a cross country course, include boots.

E2. Discuss the use of studs for the competition horse and compare their advantages and disadvantages. Choose the studs that would be suitable for today.

E3. Why should yards have a risk assessment and what might it contain?

E4. Outline action to be taken in the event of an accident to a person in a stable yard.

E5. How might COSHH and RIDDOR and Health and Safety affect you affect your yard?

E6. Know the legislation concerning muck heap effluent.

Paddock Management

E7. Explain various pasture routines, including how grassland quality can be improved.

 
E8. Know the precautions necessary during and after the use of sprays, fertilizers, lime etc. Include H & S and COSHH.

E9. Discuss the identification of and how to deal with poisonous plants.?

SECTION F – Feb 23rd 2022  Nutrition

F1. Explain the required nutrients in the horse’s diet.

F2. Review bio security in feed rooms. Include rodent control.

F3. Explain how to purchase, store and ensure the quality of feed, both economically and safely, using efficient practice for feeding regimes

F4. Discuss various forage alternatives. Talk about the value of fibre-based diets, when and how to add concentrates.

F5. Debate the value of balancers and other feed additives on the market.

F6. Discuss how the digestive tract affects the way horses are fed, and the problems that could arise.

F7. Know how to tempt a difficult feeder.

F8. Discuss the work and feed requirements for different sports.

F9. Discuss health problems caused by feeding.

F10. Estimate the weight of the horse shown, consider the use of weigh tapes and bridges.

F11.  Observe and condition score the horse, explaining the indications for your conclusion.

F12. Discuss how you would feed this horse.

F13. Consider the dangers of equine obesity.

F14. Identify the weight of rider that this horse might carry.

F15. Consider how to make a yard eco-friendly. When may a change of planning permission be required?

SECTION G  – March 9th 2021  Health and Condition, Care of the Competition Horse, Grooming

G1. Discuss grooming versus bathing

G2. Assess the horse for current health, demonstrate taking a temperature, pulse rate and respiration rate. Discuss how variations can indicate a change in health or fitness

G3. Discuss how to estimate the observed horse’s fitness.

G4. Identify how respiration relates to fitness and show a basic understanding of recovery rates.

G5. Discuss problems of the respiratory system which affect fittening

G6. Assess the muscle development of the horse presented, highlight possible strengths and weaknesses. Explain potential remedial exercises to make improvement to the muscular system to support ridden work.

G7. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of using horse walkers and alternative methods of fittening.

G8. Discuss getting differing types of horse fit for various sports. Seasonal plans, interval training – distance and speed.

G9. Identify azoturia, outline its possible causes and treatment.

G10. Understand how the colour of urine can be related to practical problems.

G11. Discuss current methods of warming down horses and ponies after hard work.

G12. Discuss current thinking on the effect of heat on tendons.  Talk about cooling methods for legs after hard work.

G13. Describe the points to consider when travelling horses long distances.

G14. Discuss considerations to be made in the care of a horse to ensure a fit relaxed horse at a competition.

G15. Recognising and dealing with the causes and symptoms of stress, dehydration and exhaustion. Describe how these conditions can be recognised and prevented. 

Section H – March 23rd 2022  Care and Handling Mares, Foals and Young Stock

H1. Understand the current legislation concerning passports and micro chipping. Discuss requirements of the Central Equine Data Base.

H2. Observe a mare and discuss what indications you consider when deciding whether to breed from her.

H3. Briefly discuss the differences between natural covering, artificial insemination and embryo transfer, and the advantages and disadvantages of each.
H4. Explain the veterinary procedures required before a mare can go to stud.
H5. Be able to recognise and discuss when a mare is in season.
H6. Know the factors behind the choice of service date – and describe the basic outline of a covering programme.

H7. How are mares tested for pregnancy?

H8. Describe care of an in-foal mare, including feeding, worming.
H9. Discuss foaling environments, facilities and equipment, preparations and procedures.
H10. Be able to recognise the signs of a mare about to foal.
H11. Compare a normal birth to a situation requiring veterinary attention

H12. Describe the use of a foal slip.
H13. Discuss problems and solutions that may arise with mares, foals and young stock.
H14. Discuss the deciding factors in whether to return a mare to stud or not.
H15. Explain how to travel mares and foals safely.
H16. Discuss the timing and procedure for weaning foals.
H17. Compare the advantages and disadvantages and timing of gelding colts.
H18. Outline the care and feeding of young stock up to the age of three years.

H19. Consider the implications of Degenerative Joint Disease and other possible genetic problems when feeding and breeding youngstock.